Last updated on July 6th, 2023 at 09:47 pm

For centuries, jade jewelry has captivated the hearts of people around the world with its exquisite beauty and profound symbolism. Revered in many cultures around the world, jade holds a special place as a symbol of harmony, eternity, virtue, wealth, and protection.

If you’re planning to buy or sell jade, you need to know what kind of jade it is and what it’s worth. This guide will help you make informed decisions as you acquire or sell these beautiful minerals.

Common Jade Types

Jade encompasses a range of minerals, but the two most prominent types are nephrite and jadeite. Jadeite has higher translucency, luster, and durability than nephrite, but both can be quite valuable.

Nephrite jade comes in shades of green, white, and black. Jadeite jade, often associated with Imperial China, boasts vibrant hues of green, lavender, pink, blue, yellow, and more.

Identifying Authentic Jade Jewelry

It is often challenging to tell whether a jade specimen is genuine or an imitation. However, there are several ways to differentiate between authentic and counterfeit jade. Here are some key qualities to look for:

Jade Color

jade jewelry

Genuine jade comes in a variety of colors, depending on the type and mineral composition. For nephrite jade, common colors include shades of green, white, and black. Jadeite jade, on the other hand, offers a broader spectrum, including green, lavender, blue, and more.

Authentic jade often exhibits variations and subtle gradations of color within a single piece. Look for vibrant, rich hues and avoid uniform or artificial-looking colors, as they may indicate imitations or treatments.

jade jewelry
jade jewelry


Translucency is the degree to which light passes through the jade. High-quality jadeite and nephrite jade pieces can possess varying levels of translucency, ranging from opaque to semi-transparent.

Hold the jade up to a light source and observe how much light penetrates the stone. Authentic jade will usually display a soft glow or inner radiance due to its unique composition. Keep in mind that certain varieties of jade, such as dark nephrite jade, can be less translucent than others.

Jade Jewelry Texture

Jade’s texture can also vary in nature. Nephrite jade is known for its almost silky, fibrous texture, while jadeite jade has a finer and more granular texture.

Genuine jade specimens usually have a smooth, polished finish with minimal blemishes or irregularities. However, authentic jade may also possess small imperfections known as noble flaws, which add to its charm and uniqueness. If the stone is too perfect or too blotchy, be suspicious.

Jade Jewelry Carving and Craftsmanship

Pay attention to the quality of carving and craftsmanship present in carved jade items. Genuine jade is often intricately carved with fine details, demonstrating the skill and expertise of the craftsman.

Look for precise lines, intricate patterns, and a well-balanced design. Poorly executed or crude carvings often suggest a lower quality or even counterfeit piece.

Surface Condition

Examine the surface of the jade for any signs of treatments, such as dyes or coatings. Authentic jade rarely undergoes such treatments, as collectors highly value its inherent beauty and characteristics.

Be cautious if you observe an unnatural shine or color saturation that appears too consistent throughout the stone.

Density and Hardness

Genuine jade is dense and fairly hard. It has a significant weight compared to most imitations.

You can test the hardness of a piece of jade by using it to scratch a glass surface. If it leaves a mark on the glass, it is probably genuine. But if the jade itself gets scratched easily, it might not be real.

Sound Test

Gently tap the jade with a metal object. Authentic jade produces a clear, clinking, bell-like tone, while imitations tend to sound dull.

Thermal Conductivity

Jade feels cool to the touch and remains relatively cold, even in warm conditions. It won’t heat if you squeeze it. Counterfeit jade is more likely to warm up quickly in your hands.

Navigating the Jade Jewelry Market

jade jewelry

It’s good to take a cautious approach to the jade market. You’re less likely to regret purchasing jade from reputable auction companies, dealers, or certified gemological laboratories.

Here are a few factors that influence the value of a piece of jade:

Color Intensity

Jade with intense, vibrant colors is generally more valuable than specimens with paler or less saturated hues. For example, vivid green jadeite or deep emerald-green nephrite jade is highly sought after.

“Imperial green” jadeite commands premium prices. Colors like lavender, blue, or red can also add to the value of jade.


While some types of jade, particularly nephrite, can naturally exhibit inclusions and variations, collectors tend to prefer high clarity in jadeite. Clarity is the absence of visible internal flaws, cracks, or other blemishes.

In most cases, jadeite with excellent transparency and minimal inclusions is considered more valuable than jade with visible flaws.


Size plays a role in determining the value of jade, with larger pieces often commanding higher prices. Larger jade specimens are rarer and require more raw material, skilled craftsmanship, and time to carve.

However, the size-to-quality ratio is also crucial. A smaller piece of high-quality jade can sometimes be more valuable than a larger piece of lesser quality. Ultimately, it’s the combination of size, quality, and aesthetic appeal that determines the value of jade.


The quality of craftsmanship greatly influences the value of carved jade. Expertly executed carvings with intricate details, fine lines, and a well-balanced design command higher prices.

Skillful carving enhances the beauty of the jade and showcases the artisan’s talent. Collectors like to see precision and creativity.


Rare types, colors, or patterns of jade can add significantly to the value. Jade varieties that are less commonly found or limited in supply, such as certain shades of green, lavender, or highly prized Hetian nephrite, are often more valuable due to their scarcity.

Selling Jade

jade jewelry

Before selling your jade, consider getting it appraised by a professional appraiser or certified gemologist. An appraiser can provide an unbiased evaluation of your jade’s quality and value.

If you intend to sell your jade, online auctions are a great way to connect with potential buyers worldwide. You will have a better chance of reaching jade enthusiasts who are looking for pieces like yours. To get a good price, you will need to provide accurate and detailed descriptions of your jade items, accompanied by high-quality photographs.

Fruitcocktail Collectables can help you appraise and sell your jade. We are accredited appraisers with over 25 years of experience in the Greater Seattle area. In addition to appraisals, we can help you with online auctions, estate sales, or consignment.

If you are looking to sell jade jewelry, carvings, or other pieces, get in touch with us today.